beisbol - baseball - pelota
 General information
1. ^ Block, David (2006). Baseball Before We Knew It: A Search for the Roots of the Game. Bison Books. 0803262558.
2. ^ Szymanski, Stefan, and Andrew S. Zimbalist (2006). National Pastime: How Americans Play Baseball and the Rest of the World Plays Soccer (Brookings Institution Press, 2005), ISBN 0815782586, p. 220, n. 19.
3. ^ Szymanski and Zimbalist (2006), p. 220, n. 19.
5. ^ The "third strike rule", which has been on the books since the time of the Knickerbocker Rules, is that the batter can try to advance to first base on the third strike, if the third strike is not caught. However, the batter is not permitted to advance if first base is occupied, unless there are already two outs. This is to prevent the catcher from dropping the ball on purpose and setting up a potential double or triple play. The underlying concept is the same as the "Infield Fly Rule", to curb defensive shenanigans. Both rules change when there are two outs, because then there is no defensive advantage to dropping the ball on purpose. Statistically, such a play still counts as a strikeout for the pitcher, plus either a passed ball charged to the catcher or a wild pitch charged to the pitcher, so if the batter advances safely to first on such a play, it is possible for a pitcher to record 4 (or more) strikeouts in one inning. Such has happened several dozen times in the history of the major leagues, and at least one time in the minor leagues a pitcher has recorded 5.
11. ^ An informative account of the use of statistics throughout baseball history is Alan Schwarz, The Numbers Game: Baseball’s Lifelong Fascination with Statistics (New York: St. Martin's, 2005) (ISBN 0-312-32223-2).
 Sources and further reading
 External links
Baseball Reference & Stats
Baseball News, Resources, & Other
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